National 12th Five-Year Plan on Sci & Tech Development Released

 
On 13 July 2011, the National 12th Five-Year Plan on Science & Technology Development was released by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the PRC. According to the Five-Year Plan, science and technology development during the period of 2011-2015 will focus on pushing China forward toward the goal of an innovative nation, by significantly boosting the nation’s innovation capacity and international competitiveness in high-tech sectors and achieving breakthroughs in priority and key technical fields.
 
In the next five years, a sound system that runs efficiently while allowing positive interaction in support of innovation is to be anchored in China. More specific targets include an advance in global ranking of national innovation capacity from 21st to 18th spot, and contribution rate of scientific and technological progress improved to 55%.
 
Some other targets under the 12th five-year plan on scientific and technological development are included in the table below:
  
 

Targets

2010

2015

R&D expenditure as percentage of GDP

1.75%

2.20%

R&D personnel per 10,000 workers

33/man-year

43/man-year

Ranking of citations in international science papers

8th

5th

Invention patent ownership per 10,000 persons

1.7 pieces

3.3 pieces

R&D personnel’s invention patent applications

10 pieces/hundred man-years

12  pieces/hundred man-years

Total contract deals in domestic technology market

RMB 390.6 billion yuan

RMB 800 billion yuan

High-tech value added as percentage of manufacturing sector value added

13%

18%

Percentage of civic scientific literacy in the population

3.27%

5%